Samuel Slater (May 4, 1768 – April 21, 1835) was an early American industrialist popularly known as the “Father of the American Industrial Revolution” or the “Father of the American Factory System” because he brought British textile technology to America. A native of England, he was apprenticed to Jedediah Strutt in Belper as a manager in a cotton mill of the type pioneered by Richard Arkwright at Cromford.
In 1789 he violated a British emigration law that prohibited the spread of British manufacturing technology to other nations. When he left for New York, he had memorized the plans for the mill and had a deep understanding of Strutt’s managerial practices. He offered to sell his knowledge to American industrialists, doing so to Moses Brown, who used the plan, and made major profit. He soon found work in Massachusetts and Rhode Island replicating British factory equipment for a textile mill, and earned the owner’s backing to design and build the first water-powered cotton mill in the United States.
Slater established tenant farms and towns around his textile mills such as Slatersville, Rhode Island. Due to his technical knowledge from Britain, he became a full partner and eventually went into business for himself and grew wealthy. By the end of Slater’s life he owned thirteen spinning mills.
Samuel also known as the “Father of the American Sunday School System” establishing youth Bible classes in his mills after the pattern of Strutt and Arkwright.
Il mio contributo allo Slater’s Day….. :) :)